Mir Muhammad Nayyar Azam : Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar, and is regarded as a very special month as the Holy Book got revealed to the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) during Ramadan.

Ramadan begins with the sighting of the new moon and falls 10 or 11 days earlier each year.

Ramadan is delineated not just by its commitment on every single  Muslim to refrain from certain things but also by the blessings attached to every good deed performed in this month.

The most momentous is the fact that in Ramdhan, the gates of jannah  are thrown open, with the gates of hell closed and devils chained. This essentially manifests  that, in the holy month of Ramadan, the devils along  with their aides find it a much more difficult job distracting true Muslims from fully garnering the bounties of Almighty  Allah by performing every single  religious duty with a pure and genuine ambition.

Messenger of God (pbuh) said “”When Ramadan enters, the gates of Paradise are opened, the gates of Hellfire are closed and the devils are chained.” 

Another connotation of this month is the act of fasting itself. Fasting indoctrinate self-restraint  as the person fasting does not only have to refrain from food and drink, but must also abstain from many other things including backbiting, futile gossiping , using foul and abusive language etc. The fasting tests our restraint and tolerance and ability to be kind even through hardships and uneasinesses; the increased prayer forces us to think about  the role God plays in our lives.

The Prophet (pbuh) said:

“Whoever does not give up false statements  and doing  evil deeds, giving up deciet and speaking bad words to others, Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink” 

So a person fasting should take utmost care about the above said things otherwise his fasting will yield nothing and will go in vain.

“Almighty Allah said :

‘All the deeds of Adam’s sons are for them, except fasting which is for Me, and I will give the

Reward  for it.'”

Fasting is an action which, being told, will safeguard us on the Day of Judgement. 

On that day, when we will be held accountable of every good and bad deed done in theworld, fasting will arbitrate for us, provided that every single  condition about abstaining from off limit  activities was utterly done. It is sensible that if the fasting aimed  to stop only eating and drinking for a particular period of time, then the spiritual ambitiond of fasting, which have been mentioned in the Quran, would not have been met.

Fasting is also seen  as being healthy for the human body,  some of the benefits include losing weight and body fat, lowering the  peril of  Diabetes and downturns most of the heart disease.

There is some  resilience within islam as there are certain exemptions from fasting such as when people have a long term illness ,old age; and pregnant women or s breast feeding mother. 

People who cannot fast are supposed to make up for their fast at a later date.

However if illness is  protracted then they have to pay or provide food for  needy.

During ramdhan Muslims are obligated to offer money to charity known as  Zakat , one of the five pillars of Islam and is unavoidable act which makes system balanced and uniform by providing money to the needy.

The way islam is solicitous for the welfare of poor and needy is its beauty.

Another factor, which characterizes Ramadan, is the advent of Lailat-ul-Qadr. The Holy Night of Laylat-ul-Qadr  is a single night worth a thousand months of reward in Islam. Any good deed done on this single night is tantamount to carrying out  that good deed for a thousand months.

It is a night in which sins are forgiven, gates of goodness get opened, bonuses are multiplied. 

Angels come down to the earth with generosity ,blessing, and mercy for the believers. 

The Prophet (saw) said:

 “Whoever did prayers on the night of  Qadr out of candid faith and hope for a reward from Almighty Allah, then all his previous sins will be pardoned; and the 

As Quran got desended from the heavens in this night , so it is a clear indication that the recitation of the Quran on this Night is more rewarding than during any other time of the year. If someone recites a single letter of the Quran, will get  blessed with ten deeds.

This divine and angelic month full of rewards and bonuses finally ends with a holiday called “Eid el Fitr”. If we interpret this literally, it is “Festival of breaking the fast”. 

This holiday celebrates the end of the 30 days of complete  fasting during the month of Ramadan. This holiday is one of the most important holidays in the our Islamic calendar. It is observed for over three days. During Eid el Fitr people beautify their homes with all kinds of decorations, the children are given EIDIand lots of sweets. People being happy ,enjoy  with family and friends.

Writter Mir Muhammad Nayyar Azam

(Persuing Masters in economy at SMVDU Katra)