WATER, SANITATION AND HYGIENE , CLEAN ENVIRONMENT AND BIODIVERSITY

By MUZAMIL ARIF BATT

Water is the most important substances for life. All living things must have water to survive. If there is no water there would be no life on planet earth. India is not yet water stressed country, but it faces the challenge of managing its water, abundant in monsoon and scarce in dry seasons.Clean water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) education are basic necessities for a healthy environment, society and a productive life. The WASH is the subject of dedicated targets within the sustainable development goal and access to safe water and sanitation are human rights. The safe water, adequate sanitation, and proper hygiene education can reduce illness and death from disease, leading to improved health, poverty reduction, and socio-economic development.
Clean water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) are the primary requirements for a civilized society of humans. Global access to safe water, adequate sanitation, and proper hygiene education can reduce illness and death from disease, leading to improved health, poverty reduction, and socio-economic development. Clean water, basic toilets and good hygiene practices are essential for the survival and development of children. Without these basic needs, the lives of millions of children are at risk. For children under five, water- and sanitation related diseases are one of the leading causes of death.
Billions of people, most of whom live in developing countries, lack access to clean, safe drinking water and adequate sanitation facilities, and the health consequences are dire. The two leading causes of death globally for children under 5 years of age namely diarrhoeal disease and acute respiratory infections along with other health problems like childhood stunting are linked to poor WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene) practices. Contaminated drinking water and poor household hygiene behaviours sicken millions of children and adults, contributing to debilitating illnesses and premature mortality. The economic impacts are also significant. Children, girls especially, may miss school because they lack private sanitation facilities or must fetch water for their families. Adults miss cultivating food for their families because they are sick. Safely managed water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) services are an essential part of preventing and protecting human health during infectious disease outbreaks.
WASH services are an essential part to protect human health during infectious disease outbreaks. It has been proved fruitful during the COVID-19 pandemic. One of the most cost effective strategies for increasing pandemic awareness, especially in resource controlled settings, is investing in core public health infrastructure, including water and sanitation systems. By providing these basic necessities to the human populations, risk for water, sanitation and hygiene related diseases can be minimized. Nature always favours and promotes the diversity and coexistence among all the organisms by providing suitable environment to all. Human is since highly evolved product of evolution hence tried always to control the environment and its own society in order to get conducive ambience. But due to over exploitation of natural resources, increased anthropogenic activities and human centric environmental approach, we are facing global warming and COVID-19 like unprecedented threats. Such global threats are compelling the academicians, policy makers and other stakeholders to introspect their visions and actions.
Today, the World is a ‘global village’ due to the use of Information and Communication Technology and we are living there and deriving all the benefits from Nature. When we are deriving the benefits, we must have to bear some responsibilities. We have to develop environment centric approach to utilize the natural resources in such a manner so that we can achieve the inclusive and sustainable development with coexistence of all other species of organisms of the globe. The clean and green environment reduces the global warming and always favours to flourish rich biodiversity. When humans will get clean water, avail the facilities of sanitation and hygiene then environment will automatically remain in clean state due to reduced anthropogenic activities that promotes the biodiversity with the coexistence of all the organisms.
Out of the many basic needs, water is very essential for a healthy environment. Water is indispensable for all living beings including plants. Water is the limiting resource for crop productivity in sustainable agriculture. It plays several pivotal roles in the physiology of plants. It is also essential for the germination of seeds and growth of plants. There is close relationship between plants and every forms of life. Water may become polluted by a number of sources. Generally, water contaminates due to various anthropogenic activities. Contaminated water has a wide variety of harmful effects on plant life and living beings. Water may affect the entire food chain. If drinking water contains unsafe levels of contaminants, it can cause health issues by producing numerous chronic diseases. Almost one tenth of the global disease burden could be prevented by increasing access to safe drinking water, improving sanitation and hygiene. Thus, it is the need of the hour that the quality of drinking-water should be improved by applying cost-effective management approaches.
“If u find out any mistake, be a struck dumb of the fact that it was a human endeavour.”
Writer MUZAMIL ARIF BATT Graduatestudent from Govt. Degree College Bhaderwah. Cont.8493093796 Email:- muzamilarifbatt@gmail.com